Mmaraka oa mabenyane a Diamond, tlholisano lipakeng tsa mahlale le marato

Litaemane tse entsoeng ka maiketsetso li hlahile khale koana lilemong tsa bo-1950. Leha ho le joalo, ho fihlela haufinyane, litjeo tsa tlhahiso ea ho lema litaemane li qalile ho ba tlase haholo ho feta litjeo tsa litaemane tsa merafong.

Tsoelo-pele ea morao-rao ea mahlale le mahlale e fokolitse haholo litšenyehelo tsa tlhahiso ea litaemane tse hlahisoang laboratoring. Ka kakaretso, litjeo tsa ho lema litaemane li tlase ho 30% ho 40% ho feta theko ea litaemane tsa merafo. Tlholisanong ee, ke mang ea tla ba mohloli oa hoqetela? Na ke taemane ea merafong eo ka tlhaho e thehoang tlasa mobu, kapa ke temo ea litaemane tse entsoeng ke mahlale?

Laboratori e lemang litaemane le litaemane tsa merafong li na le likarolo tse ts'oanang tsa 'mele, lik'hemik'hale le lisebelisoa' me li shebahala hantle joalo ka litaemane tsa merafong. Maemong a mocheso o phahameng haholo le khatello e phahameng, li-labs li hlahisa litaemane ho etsisa mehato ea litaemane tsa merafong, e hola ho tloha peo e nyane ea taemane ho ea litaemane tse kholo. Ho nka libeke tse 'maloa feela ho hlahisa taemane ka laboratoring. Le ha nako ea litaemane tsa merafo e batla e lekana, nako eo e e nkileng ho theha litaemane tse ka tlas'a lefatše e qalile lilemong tse makholo a limilione tse fetileng.

Temo ea litaemane e ntse e le teng 'marakeng oa khoebo ea mahakoe.

Ho latela litlaleho tsa K'hamphani ea Tsetelo ea Morgan Stanley, thekiso e mpe ea litaemane tse ntlafalitsoeng ka laboratori e ne e le ho tloha ho limilione tse 75 ho isa ho limilione tse 220 tsa lidolara tsa Amerika, e leng 1% feela ea thekiso ea lefats'e ea litsupa tsa litaemane. Le ha ho le jwalo, ka 2020, Morgan Stanley o lebelletse hore thekiso e entsweng ka laboratori e tla ikarabella ho 15% ya mmaraka wa ditaemane tse nyane (0.18 kapa ka tlase) le 7.5% bakeng sa ditaemane tse kgolo (0.18-carats le hodimo).

Tlhahiso ea litaemane tse lenngoeng le eona e nyane haholo hajoale. Ho latela tlhaiso-leseling e tsoang ho Frost & Sullivan Consulting, tlhahiso ea litaemane ka 2014 e ne e le li carats tse 360,000 feela, ha tlhahiso ea litaemane tse rafshoang e ne e le li carats tse limilione tse 126. Feme ea boeletsi e lebelletse hore tlhoko ea moreki ea mahakoe a bolokang chelete e ngata e tla matlafatsa tlhahiso ea litaemane tse phahamisitsoeng ho limilione tse 20 ka 2018, mme ka 2026 e tla nyolohela ho li carats tse limilione tse 20.

CARAXY Diamond Technology ke pula-maliboho 'marakeng oa lapeng bakeng sa ho lema litaemane ebile hape ke setho sa pele sa IGDA (Mokhatlo oa Machabeng oa Temo ea litaemane) ho etsa khoebo Chaena. Monghali Guo Sheng, CEO oa k'hamphani, o na le tšepo ka kholo ea bokamoso ba mmaraka ba temo ea litaemane.

Ho tloha tšimolohong ea khoebo ka 2015, thekiso ea litaemane e hlahisoang ke CARAXY e imenne hararo thekisong ea selemo.

CARAXY e ka lema litaemane tse tšoeu, litaemane tse tšehla, litaemane tse putsoa le litaemane tse pinki. Hajoale, CARAXY e leka ho lema litaemane tse tala le tse pherese. Boholo ba litaemane tse holisoang ka laborateng li marakeng oa China li ka tlase ho 0,0 carat, empa CARAXY e rekisa litaemane tse ka fihlelang li-carat tse 5 tsa litaemane tse tšoeu, tse tšehla, tse putsoa le tse 2-carat.

Guo Sheng o lumela hore khatelo-pele ea mahlale a morao-rao e ka senya meeli ea boholo le mmala oa taemane, ha a ntse a fokotsa litšenyehelo tsa ho seha litaemane, e le hore bareki ba bangata ba tsebe ho khahloa ke litaemane.

Tlholisano lipakeng tsa marato le mahlale e eketsehile haholo. Barekisi ba majoe a maiketsetso ba ntse ba tletleba ho bareki hore tšebeliso e mpe ea litaemane e bakile tšenyo e kholo tikolohong, hape le litabeng tsa boitšoaro tse amanang le "litaemane tsa mali."

Diamond Foundry, k'hamphani e qalang ea litaemane United States, e re lihlahisoa tsa eona "li ts'epahala joalo ka litekanyetso tsa hau." Leonardo DiCaprio (Little Plum), ea ileng a hlaha libaesekopong tsa 2006 tsa Blood Diamonds, e ne e le e mong oa batseteli khamphaning eo.

Ka 2015, lik'hamphani tse supileng tse kholo ka ho fetisisa tsa merafo ea litaemane li thehile DPA (Association of Diamond Manufacturers). Ka 2016, ba ile ba qala letšolo le bitsoang "Real ha se hangata. Taemane ha e fumanehe hangata. ”

Seqhenqha sa daemane sa merafo De Beers se ikarabella ho karolo ea boraro ea thekiso ea lefats'e, mme senatla se na le tšepo ka litaemane tsa maiketsetso. Jonathan Kendall, molulasetulo oa De Beers International Diamond Grading and Research Institute, o itse: “Re entse lipatlisiso tse pharalletseng tsa bareki lefats'eng ka bophara mme ha re a fumana hore bareki ba batla litaemane tsa maiketsetso. Ba ne ba batla litaemane tsa tlhaho. . ”

 ”Haeba ke u fa taemane ea maiketsetso 'me ke re ho uena' Kea u rata, 'u ke ke ua angoa. Litaemane tsa maiketsetso ha li theko e tlaase, lia tena, ha li khone ho ntša maikutlo leha e le afe ebile ha li khone ho bontša hore kea u rata. ” Kendall o ekelitse Road.

Nicolas Bos, molulasetulo le CEO oa mabenyane a Fora Van Cleef & Arpels, o itse tlhahiso ea Van Cleef & Arpels e ke ke ea sebelisa litaemane tsa maiketsetso. Nicolas Bos o boletse hore moetlo oa Van Cleef & Arpels ke ho sebelisa feela mahakoe a tlhaho a meepo, le hore litekanyetso tse "bohlokoa" tse buelloang ke lihlopha tsa bareki ha se seo laboratori e lemang litaemane.

Motho ea sa tsejoeng oa banka ea banka ea matsete a mose ho maoatle e ikarabellang ho kopaneng le ho fumana thepa o boletse puisanong le China Daily hore ka phetoho e tsoelang pele ea likhopolo tsa ts'ebeliso ea batho le tahlehelo ea butle-butle ea khahleho ea "daemane e tšoarellang", litaemane tse lenngoeng ka maiketsetso Karolo ea mmaraka e tla tsoelapele ho phahama. Hobane litaemane tse lenngoeng ka maiketsetso le litaemane tsa tlhaho tse rafshoang li ts'oana hantle ka chebahalo, bareki ba hoheloa ke litheko tse theko e tlaase haholo tsa litaemane tse lenngoeng.

Le ha ho le joalo, banka o lumela hore ts'ebeliso e mpe ea litaemane e kanna ea ba e loketseng matsete, hobane ho fokotseha ha litaemane ho tla etsa hore litheko tsa tsona li nyolohe khafetsa. Litaemane tse nang le li-carat tse kholo le litaemane tse haelloang haholo li fetoha lipelo tsa batho ba ruileng mme li na le boleng bo boholo ba matsete. O lumela hore ho lema litaemane lilaboratoring ke tlatsetso 'marakeng oa bareki ba bangata.

Liphuputso li hakanya hore tlhahiso ea litaemane tse rafshoang e tla fihla sehlohlolong ka 2018 kapa 2019, mme kamora moo tlhahiso e tla fokotseha hanyane ka hanyane.

Kendall o bolela hore phepelo ea litaemane ea De Beers le eona e ka ts'ehetsa "mashome a seng makae a lilemo", le hore ho thata haholo ho fumana morafo o mocha oa taemane.

Guo Sheng o lumela hore ka lebaka la boipiletso ba maikutlo ba bareki, 'maraka oa lesale la lenyalo o phephetsa hore lilaboratori li leme litaemane, empa joalo ka liaparo tsa letsatsi le letsatsi tsa mabenyane le limpho tsa mabenyane, thekiso ea litaemane tse hlahisoang ke laboratori e eketsehile ka potlako.

Haeba mahakoe a maiketsetso a rekisoa ke lintho tsa tlhaho ho mahakoe a tlhaho, mocheso o ntseng o phahama oa mmaraka oa majoe a maiketsetso le ona o ka ba ts'okelo ho bareki.

De Beers o tsetetse chelete e ngata ho theknoloji ea tlhahlobo ea litaemane. Sesebelisoa sa eona sa morao-rao sa tlhahlobo ea litaemane, AMS2, se tla fumaneha ka Phuptjane. Ea tlileng pele ho AMS2 o ne a sitoa ho fumana litaemane tse ka tlase ho 0,01 carat, mme AMS2 e entse hore ho khonehe ho fumana litaemane tse nyane joalo ka li-carats tse ka bang 0.003.

Bakeng sa ho khetholla litaemane tsa merafong, lihlahisoa tsa CARAXY kaofela li ngotsoe e le tse holileng ka laboratoring. Kendall le Guo Sheng ba lumela hore ho bohlokoa ho sireletsa le ho matlafatsa boits'epo ba bareki 'marakeng e le hore bareki ba mabenyane ba tsebe mofuta oa litaemane tseo ba li rekang ka theko e phahameng.


Nako ea poso: Jul-02-2018